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On the Three-Dimensional Compactness in A Site-Affected Area of Urban Railway Central Station in Mountainous Cities of China
王泽林12何 媛1何 艳1周君正1袁 红1*
1.西南交通大学 建筑与设计学院,成都 611756; 2. 皇家墨尔本理工大学 建筑与城市学院,墨尔本 VIC 3001
WANG Zelin12 HE Yuan1 HE Yan1 ZHOU Junzheng1 YUAN Hong1*
1. School of Architecture and Design, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 611756, China; 2. School of Architecture and Urban Design, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University, Melbourne VIC 3001, Australia
山地城市 紧凑城市 轨道中心型站点影响区 万有引力测度法 立体紧凑度模型 地形起伏度 建筑间距临界值
mountainous city compact city the site-affected areas of railway central stations gravitational compactness measurement three-dimensional compactness model topographic relief critical value of building interval
TU984.18; TU984.2
山地城市受复杂的地形条件制约,空间资源相对匮乏,在中国城市以公共交通为导向的建设策略推动下,紧凑度研究对山城轨道中心型站点影响区的城市空间结构优化和集约式发展具有重要意义。目前万有引力紧凑测度法仅能计算站域的平面紧凑性,本文分析了国内外山城地形起伏度与站点影响区建筑间距、建筑密度、路网结构之间的属性作用机制,建立了山城轨道中心型站点影响区立体紧凑性测度模型; 基于日本东京站、香港中环站,重庆沙坪坝站等11个相关站点的紧凑度研究; 总结山城轨道中心型站点影响区建筑间距临界值模型,量化山地紧凑城市的空间属性; 以重庆沙坪坝站和贵阳喷水池站为例,从经济性和高效性两方面建立山城中心型站点影响区立体紧凑度测度指标体系,探索其影响机制。研究发现:站点影响区的紧凑度与用地功能的多样性呈正相关; 过高的建筑密度虽然可以增强站域连通性,但会限制站域空间的组合方式; 山城区域平均坡度越大,道路网络异质性概率越高,所得到的区域紧凑度两极化愈重。本文突破了以往依靠平面数据计算城市紧凑度的局限性,为山地城市立体紧凑度量化研究提供了测度方法,也为站点区域空间立体化、紧凑化发展提供了有力的技术支撑。
Mountain cities in China are restricted in development by complex topographical conditions and are relatively scarce in space resources. Driven by the top priority of public transportation-oriented construction in Chinese city administrations, the study of mountain city compactness is of great significance to the optimization of urban spatial structure and the intensive development of city, particularly in the site-affected areas of railway central stations of mountain cities. At present, the popular method of gravitational compactness measurement can only calculate the plane compactness in an affected space of urban railway station. In this research, it introduced a measurement model of three-dimensional compactness in the site-affected area of rail center station of mountain city, after it had analyzed a lots of cases of mountain cities in China and abroad, with focuses on the topographic relief of mountain city, and its interaction with some kinds of attributes of the influence, including building interval, building density, traffic network structure in the site-affected area of a rail station.Based on the compactness study of 11 typical rail transit stations such as Tokyo Station in Japan, Zhonghuan Station in Hong Kong, and Shapingba Station in Chongqing, it built critical value model of building interval in the site-affected area of railway central station in mountain city, and quantified the spatial attributes of compact mountain cities; Taking Shapingba Station of Chongqing and Fountain Station of Guiyang as examples, an indicator system for measuring the three-dimensional compactness of a site-affected area of the railway central station in mountain city was established from the aspects of economy and efficiency to explore its influence mechanism. The study found that the compactness of the site-affected area was positively related to the diversity of land use functions; Too high building density can enhance the connectivity of the station domain, but it could limit the space combination mode of the station domain. The larger the average slope of the area in a mountain city was, the higher the probability of road network heterogeneity, and the more polarized the resulting localized compactness. This study breaks through the research limitations of relying on plane data to calculate the compactness of cities, and it provides a measurement method for the determination of three-dimensional compactness in mountain cities, and also provides strong technical support for the development of three-dimensional and compact space in a site-affected area of urban rail station in mountain cities.


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收稿日期(Received date):2020-07-04; 改回日期:(Accepted date):2020-10-12
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金项目: 山城轨道影响区地下空间立体紧凑设计理论研究——基于大数据及3D GIS技术(51678486)。[National Natural Science Foundation of China(51678486)]
作者简介(Biography):王泽林(1991-),男,贵州贵阳人,硕士,主要研究方向:城市设计与规划、智慧城市、轨道站点区域城市设计。[WANG Zelin(1991-), male, born in Guiyang, Guizhou province, Master, research on urban design and planning, smart city, the urban design of affected area of railway station] E-mail: 1961810788@qq.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):袁红(1982-),女,博士,副教授,主要研究方向:紧凑城市、地下空间规划与设计、轨道站点区域立体化城市设计。[YUAN Hong(1982-),female, Ph.D.,associate professor, specialized in compact city, smart city, underground space planning and design, the urban design of affected area of railway station] E-mail: yuanyuqing0106@foxmail.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-09-30