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Spatiotemporal Expansion Characteristics and Driving Forces of Family Farms in Hilly and Mountainous Areas: A Case Study of Jiangjin District of Chongqing, China
熊 熙1张仕超12*梁靖茹1刘竞宇1
1.重庆师范大学 地理与旅游学院,重庆 401331; 2. 三峡库区地表过程与环境遥感重庆市重点实验室,重庆 401331
XIONG Xi1 ZHANG Shichao12* LIANG Jingru1 LIU Jingyu1
1. College of Geography and Tourism, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401331, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Surface Process and Environment Remote Sensing in the Three Georges Reservoir Area, Chongqing 401331, China
乡村振兴 家庭农场 地理探测器 时空拓展特征 驱动力 丘陵山区
rural revitalization family farm geographical detector spatiotemporal expansion characteristic driving force hilly and mountainous area
The feasible approach to promote agricultural transformation in hilly and mountainous areas is to construct a three-dimensional and compound modern agricultural management system based on farmer household management. As a typical household operation, family farms are rooted in rural areas and serve farmers and agriculture, and they are crucial targets of cultivating innovative business entities. The development of family farms varies in stages, regions, and types. At present, more research attentions were paid to scale benefit, development model and restrictive factors of family farms in plain areas, relatively less concerns on hills and mountains. It is highly imperative to investigate the dynamic process and driving forces of family farms in hilly and mountainous areas for the purpose of building scientific basis for overall rural revitalization. In this study, it took 1062 family farms in Jiangjin District of Chongqing, China as a case study to reveal the pattern-process-mechanism of family farm development in hilly and mountainous areas. The spatial and temporal evolution of family farms and driving mechanisms of their distributions were analyzed by using nearest-neighbor index, kernel density, standard deviation ellipse and geographic detector. The results show that:(1)the spatial distribution of family farms in Jiangjin District was characterized by north-south differentiation and noticeable agglomeration, and there were some differences in their spatial distribution in different industries;(2)The number of family farms was increasing in stages, with 2013-2016 as the initial rapid growth stage and 2017-2019 as the mature and slow growth stage;(3)The spatial evolution trajectory of family farms as a whole migrated from northeast to southwest, and most industrial family farms expanded from northeast to southwest, but family farms in the pepper industrial evolved from northwest to southeast, with some differences;(4)The dominant factors in the distribution of family farms depended on industries. Although the distribution of family farms in grain and oil industries was dominated by the area of ??arable land, those in other industries were not determined by a single factor. While being governed by the area of cultivated land and rural labor, traffic accessibility also played a leading role in the influence on family farms in fruit and vegetable industry, as well as water system soundness on family farms in aquatic industry; commercialization rate of planting industry on family farms in characteristic industry, and government subsidy rate on family farms in flower and tree industry. Natural factors such as average annual temperature, precipitation, altitude, and business entity conditions such as age, education level, and professional skills had little impact on the distribution of family farms. The revelation of spatiotemporal evolution law and driving forces of different industrial types of family farms could help us to understand the industrial differences in the development of family farms, which is conducive to an accurate cultivation of family farms and provides a reference for promoting the development of agricultural modernization by industry division.


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收稿日期(Received date):2020-08-26; 改回日期(Accepted date):2021-02-06
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金(41971244,41501104); 重庆市教委科学技术研究项目(KJQN201800535)。[National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971244,41501104); Scientific Technological Research Program Chongqing Municipal Education Commission(KJQN201800535)]
作者简介(Biography):熊熙(1996-),女,四川达州人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向:土地利用与土地管理。[XIONG Xi(1996-), female, born in Dazhou, Sichuan province, M.Sc.candidate, research on land use and land management] E-mail:xixixixx@126.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):张仕超(1986-),女,四川绵阳人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向:土地利用与生态过程。[ZHANG Shichao(1986-), female, born in Mianyang, Sichuan province, Ph.D., Associate professor, research on land use and ecological processes] E-mail: lintualchao@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-01-30