ZHANG Hongliang,LIU Qingli,LI Shijie,et al.Holocene Environmental Changes Derived from Ostracode Shell Stable Isotopes in the Sediment Core of Zigetang Lake,Tibetan Plateau[J].Mountain Research,2014,(03):373.





Holocene Environmental Changes Derived from Ostracode Shell Stable Isotopes in the Sediment Core of Zigetang Lake,Tibetan Plateau
张宏亮刘青利李世杰方相林张吉献李 婷
1.安阳师范学院, 河南 安阳 450002;
2.中国科学院地球化学研究所,贵州,贵阳 550002
ZHANG Hongliang LIU QingliLI ShijieFANG XianglinZHANG JixianLI Ting(379)
1. Anyang Normal University, Anyang 455002,China;
2. Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guiyang 550002,China
Tibetan PlateauLake sedimentsHolocene environmentOstracode shellstable isotopes
兹格塘错是位于藏北高原腹地的封闭型湖泊, 其变化过程可直接反映区域气候变化。对一支深727 cm沉积岩芯中介形虫进行了壳体同位素分析,发现介形虫壳体氧同位素变化主要取决于壳体形成时的湖水氧同位素组成和湖水温度的变化;封闭湖泊湖水的氧同位素组成主要取决于降水和蒸发比值的变化。兹格塘错介形虫壳体碳、氧同位素变化特征表明两者可能受控于不同的环境因子。介形虫壳体同位素记录反映了全新世气候环境变化的整体特征, 同时对晚第四纪特征气候事件都有明确记录, 包括8.2 ka冷事件、Roman暖期、中世纪暖期以及小冰期等,在响应全球气候变化的过程中又记录了区域间的差异响应。
Located in the hinterland of North Tibetan Plateau, Zigetang Lake is an enclosed lake with bad climate and little precipitation, the regional environment has always been faintly disturbed by human beings, with great evaporation and no glacier in the catchment, the main supply of water comes from surface runoff, and factors of water balance are simple. Thus Zigetang Lake is ideal for study on the climatic evolution of Tibetan Plateau. A 727 cm long core (ZGT02) was obtained at water depth of 30 m in the west of Zigetang Lake, and its AMS age covers the whole Holocene. Ostracode shell stable isotopes analysis used to reconstruct paleoclimatic and environmental change.Limnocythere inopinata is the species for analysis;Results show that the δ18O of the shell is controlled by the δ18O and temperature of the lake water. In closed or semiclosed lake, δ18O is an indicator to effective moisture (ratio of precipitation /evaporation) and mainly controlled by the temperature in arid and semiarid area. High δ18O indicates high evaporation and low precipitation while low δ18O indicates the contrary ones. The curve of δ13C changed inphase with that of δ18O would indicate that they were controlled by different factors. These environmental changes and the variations of the lake level reflected by the geochemical of Zigetang Lake sediments are well supported by other research results, at the same time, there are different as the different area.


[1] Wang Sumin,Dou Hongshen. China lakes chorography[M].Beijing;Science Press,1998: 22-27 [王苏民, 窦鸿身. 中国湖泊志[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 1998:22-27]
[2] Wang Suming,Zhang Zhenke.The new progress of the study of lake sediment and environmental evolution in China[J].Chinese Science Bulletin, 1999, 44 (6): 579-587[王苏民, 张振克. 中国湖泊沉积与环境演变研究的新进展[J]. 科学通报, 1999, 44 (6): 579-587
[3] Gu Zhaoyan, Liu Jiaqi, Yuan Baoyin, et al. Lacustrine authigenic deposition expressive of environment and the sediment record from Siling Co, Tibet, China[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 1994, 14 (2): 162-174 [顾兆炎, 刘嘉麒, 袁宝印, 等. 湖相自生沉积作用与环境——兼论西藏色林错沉积物记录[J]. 第四纪研究, 1994, 14 (2):162-174]
[4] Xia Juanjuan. Stable isotope and Trace element composition on Ostracode shells and their application to paleoclimatic reconstruction[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 1996, 16 (4):345-352 [夏娟娟. 湖相介形虫壳的稳定同位素和微量元素在古气候研究中的应用[J]. 第四纪研究, 1996, 16 (4):345-352]
[5] Wu Jinglu. Modern climatic signals deduced from stable isotope proxies of shells in Xingco lake sediments, easternTibet Plateau, China [J]. Marine Geology&Quaternary Geology. 2001, 21(4): 19-24 [吴敬禄.青藏高原东部兴措湖壳体同位素记录的气候环境信息[J].海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2001, 21(4): 19-24]
[6] Chen Shuo. Holocene. Climate change documented by Ostracod species assemblages and Carbon Oxygen isotopes of Bosten Lake,Xinjiang China[D]. Lanzhou:Lanzhou University,2009:1-71[陈硕.新疆博斯腾湖沉积岩芯介形虫组合与碳氧同位素揭示的全新世气候变化研究[D].兰州:兰州大学,2009:1-71]
[7] Lu Fengyan, An Zhisheng. Climatic and environmental significance of Ostracod abundance and their shell oxygen isotope from lake Qinghai surface sediments[J]. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology,2010, 30(5): 119-128 [卢凤艳,安芷生.青海湖表层沉积物介形虫丰度及其壳体氧同位素的气候环境意义[J]. 海洋地质与第四纪地质,2010, 30(5): 119-128]
[8] Jiang Qingfeng, Shen Ji, Liu Xingqi,et al. Holocene climate reconstructon of Ulungur lake (Xingjiang, China) inferred from Ostracod species assemblages and stable isotopes[J].Quaternary Sciences, 2007, 27(3): 382- 391 [蒋庆丰,沈吉,刘兴起,等.乌伦古湖介形组合及其壳体同位素记录的全新世气候环境变化[J]. 第四纪研究, 2007, 27(3):382-391]
[9] Hu Guang, Jin Zhangdong, Zhang Fei. Constraints of authigenic carbonates on trace elements (Sr, Mg) of lacustrine ostracod shells in paleoenvironment reconstruction and its mechanism[J]. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 2008, 51( 5): 654-664
[10] Li Jun,Yu Junqing. Lacustrine Ostracodes as Environmental Change Indicators: Application and Advance[J]. Journal of Lake Sciences, 2001, 13(4):367 - 375 [李军,余俊清.湖相介形类壳体地球化学在环境变化研究中的应用进展[J].湖泊科学, 2001, 13(4):367 - 375]
[11] Li Shijie, Li Wanchun, Xia Weilan, et al. Prelimary survey report of lake changes of Tibetan Plateau[J]. Journal of Lake Sciences, 1998, 10(4):95-96 [李世杰, 李万春, 夏威岚, 等. 青藏高原现代湖泊变化考察初步报告[J]. 湖泊科学, 1998, 10(4):95-96]
[12] Ulrike Herzschuh, Katja Winter, Bernd Wünnemann, et al. A general cooling trend on the central Tibetan Plateau throughout the Holocene recorded by the Lake Zigetang pollen spectra[J]. Quaternary International, (2006) 113-121.
[13] Wu Yanhong, Andreas Lücke, Bernd Wünnemann, et al. Holocene climate change in the central Tibetan Pleteau inferred by lacustrine sediment geochemical records[J]. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences,2007, 37(9): 1185-1191 [吴艳宏, Andreas Lücke, Bernd Wünnemann,等. 青藏高原中部全新世气候变化的湖泊沉积地球化学记录[J]. 中国科学:D辑 地球科学,2007, 37(9): 1185-1191]
[14] Yanhong Wu, Shijie Li, Andreas Lu cke . Lacustrine radiocarbon reservoir ages in Co Ngoin and Zige^ Tangco, central Tibetan Plateau[J].Quaternary International xxx (2009) 1-5.
[15] Shen Huiyan,Li Shijie,Yu Shoubing,et al. Holocene environmental change record derived from carbonate and soluble salt content in the sediment core of Zigetang Lake,Tibetan Plateau[J].Mountain Research,2008, 26(2):189-195 [申慧彦, 李世杰, 于守兵, 等. 青藏高原兹格塘错沉积物中碳酸盐与可溶盐环境记录的研究[J]. 山地学报, 2008, 26(2):189-195]
[16] Shen Huiyan,Li Shijie,Yu Shoubing,et al.Grain size characteristics of sediments from the Zigetangco Lake,Tibetan Plateau and their environmental implication[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2007, 27(4):163-169 [申慧彦, 李世杰, 于守兵, 等. 青藏高原兹格塘错沉积物粒度组成及其环境记录的研究[J]. 第四纪研究, 2007, 27(4):163-169]
[17] Gasse F, Amold M, Fontes J C, et al. A 13, 000-year climate record from western Tibet [J]. Nature, 1991, 353(24):742-745
[18] Zhou Weijian, Lu Xuefeng, Wu Zhengkun, et al. Peat record reflecting Holocene climatic change in Znige Plateau and AMS radio carbon dating[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2001, 46(12):1040-1044 [周卫建, 卢雪峰, 吴振坤, 等. 若尔盖高原全新世气候变化的泥碳记录与加速器反射性碳测年[J]. 科学通报, 2001, 46(12):1040-1044]
[19] Tianchi L. A preliminary study on the climatic and environmental changes at the turn from Pleistocene to Holocene in East Asia [J]. Geojournal, 1998, 17(4):649-657
[20] HuangCi xuan, E1Van Campo, Li Shuan ke1Holocene environ2 mental changes of western and northern Qinghai Xizang Plateau based on pollen analysis[J].Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica 1996, 13(4):423-432[黄赐璇, 冯. 康波.艾利斯, 李栓科. 根据孢粉分析论青藏高原西部和北部全新世环境变化[J]. 微体古生物学报, 1996, 13(4):423-432]
[21] Li Bingyuan,Li Yuanfang,Kong Zhaochen, et al. 20000 years environmental change of the GonongCo in HohXil of Qinghai[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin,1994, 39(18):1 727-1728 [李炳元, 李元芳, 孔昭宸, 等. 青海可可西里苟弄错地区两万年来的环境变化[J]. 科学通报, 1994, 39(18):1 727-1728]
[22] Hu Dongsheng. The lake evolution in Kekexili region[J]. Arid Geography, 1995, 18(1): 60-67 [胡东生. 可可西里地区湖泊演化[J]. 干旱区地理, 1995, 18(1): 60-67]
[23] Li Yuanfang, Zhang Qingsong, Li Bingyuan,et al. Ostracod Fanua and environmental changes during the past 17000 years in the western Tibet[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 1994, 49(1): 46-54 [李元芳, 张青松, 李炳元,等. 青藏高原西北部17 000年以来的介形类及环境演变[J]. 地理学报, 1994, 49(1): 46-54]
[24] Wei Lejun, Zheng Mianping, Ce Keqin,et al. Early middle Holocene palaeo climate record from Saline Lake sediments in Tontso, Tibet[J]. Earth Science Frontiers, 2002, 9(1): 129 -135 [魏乐军,郑绵平, 蔡克勤,等. 西藏洞错全新世早中期盐湖沉积的古气候记录[J]. 地学前缘, 2002, 9(1): 129 -135]
[25] Li Shijie,Jiao Keqin. Glacier variations on the south slope of West Kunlun Mountains since 30000 years[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 1990, 12(4): 311-318[李世杰, 焦克勤. 3万年来西昆仑山南坡的冰川变化[J]. 冰川冻土, 1990, 12(4): 311-318]
[26] Xia Zhengkai, Yang Xiaoyan. Preliminary study on the flood events about 4 ka B.P. in North China[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2003, 23(6):667-674[夏正楷, 杨晓燕. 我国北方4kaB.P.前后异常洪水事件的初步研究[J]. 第四纪研究, 2003, 23(6):667-674]
[27] Li Shijie. Characteristic of existing glacial development in the HohXil region,Qinghai-Xizang plateau[J].Scientia Geographica Sinica, 1996, 16(1): 11-17 [李世杰. 青藏高原可可西里地区现代冰川发育特征[J]. 地理科学, 1996, 16(1):11-17]
[28] Wang Naiang,Li Jijun,Cao Jixiu, et al. A preliminary research on the climate records of lacustrine deposits of Qingtu lake in the last 6000 years[J]. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 1999, 19(2):119-124 [王乃昂, 李吉均, 曹继秀, 等. 青土湖近6000年来沉积气候记录研究:兼论四五世纪气候回暖[J]. 地理科学, 1999, 19(2):119-124]
[29] Zhao Xitao,Zhu Dagang, Yan Fuhua,et al.Climatic change and lakelevel variation of Nam Co,Xizang since the last Interglacial Stage[J]. Quaternary Science, 2003, 23(1): 41-52[赵希涛, 朱大岗, 严富华, 等. 西藏纳木错末次间冰期以来的气候变迁与湖面变化[J]. 第四纪研究, 2003, 23(1):41-52]
[30] Jin Zhangdong, Jimin YU, Wu Yanhong,et al. Was there an 8.2 ka BP cooling event in China?[J]. Geological Review, 2007, 53(5): 616 -623 [金章东, Jimin YU, 吴艳宏,等. 8.2 ka BP冷气候事件确实在中国发生过吗? [J]. 地质论评, 2007, 53(5): 616 -623]
[31] Wang Ninglian, Yao Tandong, Thompson L G,et al. Evidence for cold events in the early Holocene from the Guliya Ice Core, Tibetan Plateau, China[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2002, 47(11):1422-1427 [王宁练, 姚檀栋, Thompson L G,等. 全新世早期强降温事件的古里雅冰芯记录证据[J].科学通报, 2002, 47(11):1422-1427]


 LAN Yongchao,HU Xinglin,DIN Hongwei,et al.Multiple Time Scales Analysis of Jump and Variation of Air Temperature in Mountain Area of Hexi Inland River Basin in the Past More than 50 Years[J].Mountain Research,2014,(03):163.
 HUA Xiaobo,YAN Jianzhong,Liu Xiang(9).Settled Herdsmen’s Adaptation Strategies to Pasture Degradation——Case Study of Naqu County in Tibet Plateau[J].Mountain Research,2013,(03):140.
 LU Jiahao,NIU Fujun,Cheng Hua,et al.The Permafrost Distribution Model and Its Change Trend of Qinghai-Tibet Engineering Corridor[J].Mountain Research,2013,(03):226.
 LIU Junhui,GAO Jixi,WANG Wenjie().Variations of Vegetation Coverage and Its Relations to Global Climate Changes on the Tibetan Plateau during 1981—2005[J].Mountain Research,2013,(03):234.
 HE Yongtao,SHI Peili,ZHANG Xianzhou,et al.Elevational Distribution of Cushion Plant Androsace tapete in the Southern Slope of Nyainqentanglha Mountains, Tibetan Plateau[J].Mountain Research,2013,(03):641.
 ZHAO Zhilong,ZHANG Yili,LIU Fenggui,et al.Drought Disaster Risk Analysis of Tibetan Plateau[J].Mountain Research,2013,(03):672.
 CHEN Youchao,LU Xuyang,LI Weipeng,et al.Response of Soil Microclimate to Warming in Alpine Steppe, Northern Tibetan Plateau[J].Mountain Research,2014,(03):401.
 JIANG Yongjian,LI Shijie,SHEN Defu,et al.Climate Change and Its Impact on the Regional Environment in the Source Regions of the Yangtze, Yellow and Lantsang Rivers in Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau during 1971—2008[J].Mountain Research,2012,(03):461.
 CHEN Pan,TANG Ya,QIAO Xue,et al.Environmental Change Revealed by Lake Sedimentation in Jiuzhaigou National Reserve, Sichuan, China[J].Mountain Research,2011,(03):534.
 ZHAO Shangmin,,et al.Relationships between Topographic Uplifting Velocity and Geological Times for the Northwestern Edge of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau[J].Mountain Research,2011,(03):616.


收稿日期(Received date):2013-06-10;改回日期(Accepted): 2013-11-20。
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学
基金项目”青藏高原全新世气候变化高分辨率湖泊沉积记录研究(40471001)。[Foundation National Natural Science of China:High Resolution Records of Holoence Climatic Change Events Derived from Lake sediments on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, No. 40471001.]
作者简介(Biography):张宏亮(1970-),男,河南林州人, 博士, 副教授, 主要从事湖泊资源与环境研究。[Zhang Hongliang(1970-)male,born in Linzhou,Henan,presently a Ph D,associate professor,major in lake resource and environments.] Tel:0372-2900043;E-mail:phytolith@ 163.com *
通信作者(Corresponding author):李世杰,研究员,博士生导师,从事湖泊沉积与全球变化研究。[Li Shijie, professor, doctoral supervisor,major in lake sediments and global change.] E-mail; shjli@nighs.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01