HUA Xiaobo,YAN Jianzhong,Liu Xiang(9).Settled Herdsmen’s Adaptation Strategies to Pasture Degradation——Case Study of Naqu County in Tibet Plateau[J].Mountain Research,2013,(02):140.





Settled Herdsmen’s Adaptation Strategies to Pasture Degradation——Case Study of Naqu County in Tibet Plateau
西南大学资源环境学院,重庆 400716
HUA Xiaobo YAN Jianzhong Liu Xiang(149)
College of Resources and Environment, Southwest University, Chongqing 400716, China
Tibetan Plateau settled herdsman pasture degradation adaptation strategy Naqu County
Rangeland degradation of the Tibetan Plateau and the herdsmen’s livelihood processes and adaptation strategies have become a concern in scientific communities and governments. Subsided by settlement projects, the nomads are gradually transformed to settled herdsmen. However, case studies on settled herdsmen’s adaptation strategies are scarce. This paper analyzes the settled herdsmen’s adaptation strategies to pasture degradation, on the basis of field surveys of 3 townships of Naqu County in the hinterland of the Tibet Plateau, by adopting the methods of participatory rural appraisal (PRA). The results show that pastures there have degraded in varying degrees, and the degradation of summer and autumn pastures is more apparent than that of winter and spring pastures. The most obvious influences of pasture degradation on the herdsmen’s livelihoods are mass mortality of livestock, when they have to depend on pinch and scrape or loans. To adapt pasture degradation, the government adopts Four-Package Projects and disaster relief, mainly intensification strategy. However, the settlement of nomads never changes the vulnerability of animal husbandry of this area. The herdsmen adopt a few strategies, such as intensification, livelihood diversification, mutual aid organizations and animal husbandry cooperatives. The herdsmen’s intensification strategies include fencingoff pastures, artificial pastures, supplementary feed and hay storage. However, the intensification strategies immensely increase the burdens on the herdsmen, and they can not satisfy the forage supplement and cope with the extreme weather disasters. With the growing trend of grassland degradation, the settled herdsmen’s livelihood pressure will be heavy, and the ways to solve the dilemma of livelihood will be unitary. When the herdsmen suffer the disastrous weather or a great loss of livestock, they have no choice but to depend on government relief. The livelihood diversification strategy, mainly Chinese herbs collection, small business and piece work, can relieve livelihood pressure, but income from livelihood diversification is instable. Besides traditional adaptation strategies, the herdsmen also resort to mutual aid organizations and animal husbandry cooperatives. The herdsmen integrate their pasture resources together and enlarge the grazing radius, therefore, traditional nomadic way can be maintained and they can reduce the fence construction cost. The animal husbandry cooperatives can absorb family surplus labor forces, and help increase household incomes. Therefore, the intensification strategy of the government should be adjusted. The strategy of taking diversification, migration and intensification together may be a better way to adapt pasture degradation. The government should support livelihood diversification of the herdsman, the development of animal husbandry cooperatives, and the mutual aid organizations of the herdsman.


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收稿日期(Received date):2012-08-18;改回日期(Accepted) : 2013-01-01。
基金项目(Foundation item):国家重点基础研究发展计划(2010CB951704)。[Foundation: National Basic Research Program of China (2010CB951704).]
作者简介(Biography):花晓波(1988-),男,江苏南通人,硕士研究生,从事土地利用与乡村发展。[Hua Xiaobo(1988-), male, was born in Nantong Jiangsu, postgraduate, be engaged in land use and rural development] E-mail:bensonhua@126.com; Tel: 15826163058 *通讯作者(Corresponding author):阎建忠,男,研究员。[Yan Jianzhong, male, professor] E-mail:yanjzswu@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01