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Evolution of Spatial-Temporal Pattern and Functional Measurement of “Production-Living-Ecological” Space in Xi'an, China
马 琪王梓柔赵永宏
西安外国语大学 旅游学院·人文地理研究所,西安 710128
MA Qi WANG Zirou ZHAO Yonghong
School of Tourism & Research Institute of Human Geography, Xi'an International Studies University, Xi'an 710128, China
三生空间 时空格局 功能指数 地理探测器 西安市
Production-Living-Ecological Space spatial-temporal pattern functional index Geodetector Xi'an
“三生空间”是主体功能区战略实施、国土空间开发保护新格局构建的重要基础。现有研究多关注土地用途转变,对长时间序列“三生空间”演化及其功能分异影响研究薄弱,难以全面揭示不同时期城市土地功能系统变化的复杂性。本文以西安市为研究对象,利用1980年、1990年、2000年、2005年、2010年、2015年六期Landsat TM/ETM以及Landsat8遥感影像解译的土地利用数据,通过GIS空间分析方法对1980—2015年西安市“三生空间”时空格局演化及功能指数进行分析和测度,利用地理探测器从自然条件、区位条件、社会经济以及区域政策4个方面对“三生空间”功能水平分异的影响因素进行分析。结果表明:(1)1980—2015年,西安市“三生空间”变化整体表现出平原区剧烈、山区稳定的特点; 生活空间呈现集聚扩张态势,生产和生态空间被大量侵食缩减。(2)“三生空间”功能指数变化与“山区—山麓—平原”主体功能开发力度契合,中心城区外围是功能指数负增长的集中区域,秦岭山地功能指数始终保持在高水平稳定状态。(3)西安市“三生空间”功能水平分异是自然和社会经济综合作用的结果,不同维度因子交互作用较单因子影响力更加显著,而植被覆盖度、地形起伏度和坡度因子等自然条件是“三生空间”功能水平分异的基底条件。研究结果可为西安市不同主体功能区生产、生活、生态空间的优化布局,为构建国土空间开发保护新格局提供决策参考。
Production-Living-Ecological Spaces(PLES)is of great significance for the strategy implementation of functional zones and a new pattern of territorial development and protection. In the past, most studies focused on the land-use transformation in PLES; However, the evolution and the functional differentiation of PLES in a long-term were neglected, making it difficult to fairly reveal the complexity of urban land function system in different temporal scale. In this study, Xi'an city of China was targeted as an case study, and the characteristics of the evolution of spatial-temporal patterns of PLES and the functional index(PLESI)were determined by GIS based on land-use data of six periods(i.e., 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015)obtained from remote sensing images of Landsat TM/ETM and Landsat 8. In addition, Geodetector was used to unravel the controlling factors of PLESI from four aspects including natural conditions, location conditions, social-economics and regional policies. The results are as follows:(1)During 1980-2015, huge changes of PLES in the plains of Xi'an were obviously, but it remained stable in the mountainous areas. The living-space showed a tendency of congregated expansion, whereas the production-spaces and the ecological-spaces were severely invaded and reduced.(2)Overall, changes of PLESI were in accordance with the developments of the main functional areas in the “mountain-piedmont-plain” region. There was negative growth in the periphery of the central urban area, while the PLESI was stable and with a high level at the Qinling Mountains.(3)The differentiation of the PLESI was caused by the combined effects which included natural conditions(e.g., vegetation coverage, topographic relief, and slope)and social-economic conditions. The effects of interactions between multi-factors were more significant than single factor in the PLES. This study is advisable for the decision-making on optimization of PLES in different topographic and geomorphic areas of Xi'an, and is helpful to the construction of a new pattern of land space development and protection in this city.


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收稿日期(Received date):2020-11-19; 改回日期(Accepted date):2021-09-26
基金项目(Foundation item):陕西省教育厅科研计划项目(20JK0315); 西安外国语大学校级科研项目(19XWC15)。[Scientific Research Program Funded by Shaanxi Provincial Education Department(20JK0315); Research Funds of Xi' an International Studies University(19XWC15)]
作者简介(Biography):马琪(1987-),男,陕西榆林人,博士,讲师,主要研究方向:土地利用变化与区域发展。[MA Qi(1987-), male, born in Yulin, Shaanxi province, Ph.D., lecturer, research on land use change and regional development] E-mail: maqi86@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-09-30